Ketamine Infusions Recommended Reading

The Efficacy of the Stellate Ganglion Block as a Treatment Modality for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Active Duty Combat Veterans: A Pilot Program Evaluation.

Odosso RJ, Petta L.

Mil Med. 2021 Jul 1;186(7-8):e796-e803. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usaa246. PMID: 33242072

Behavioral health clinicians endorse stellate ganglion block as a valuable intervention in the treatment of trauma-related disorders.

Lynch JH, Muench PD, Okiishi JC, Means GE, Mulvaney SW.

J Investig Med. 2021 Jun;69(5):989-993. doi: 10.1136/jim-2020-001693. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

PMID: 33727214 Free PMC article.

Ultrasound Versus Fluoroscopy for Stellate Ganglion Block: A Cadaveric Study. Hughey S, Schafer J, Cole J, Booth G, Tuttle R, Stedje-Larsen E.

Pain Med. 2021 May 29:pnab182. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnab182. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34051103

Stellate Ganglion Block for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Anxiety [Internet].

Li Y, Loshak H.

Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2021 Mar. PMID: 34255448 Free Books & Documents. Review.

The Successful Use of Left-sided Stellate Ganglion Block in Patients That Fail to Respond to Right- sided Stellate Ganglion Block for the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Retrospective Analysis of 205 Patients.

Mulvaney SW, Lynch JH, Curtis KE, Ibrahim TS.

Mil Med. 2021 Feb 13:usab056. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usab056. Online ahead of print. PMID: 33580677

Treatment of multiple physiological and psychological disorders in one patient with stellate ganglion block: a case report.

Xu Y, Zhang Y.

J Int Med Res. 2021 Jan;49(1):300060520985645. doi: 10.1177/0300060520985645.

PMID: 33472461 Free PMC article.

Stellate ganglion block treats posttraumatic stress: An example of precision mental health.

Lynch JH.

Brain Behav. 2020 Nov;10(11):e01807. doi: 10.1002/brb3.1807. Epub 2020 Aug 28. PMID: 32856430 Free PMC article. No abstract available.

Questions on a Randomized Clinical Trial of Stellate Ganglion Block for Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Stein MB.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 Sep 1;77(9):981-982. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1815. PMID: 32609319 No abstract available.

Questions on a Randomized Clinical Trial of Stellate Ganglion Block for Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder-Reply.

Rae Olmsted KL, Walters BB, Wallace D.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 Sep 1;77(9):982. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1822. PMID: 32609304 No abstract available.

Effect of Stellate Ganglion Block Treatment on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Rae Olmsted KL, Bartoszek M, Mulvaney S, McLean B, Turabi A, Young R, Kim E, Vandermaas- Peeler R, Morgan JK, Constantinescu O, Kane S, Nguyen C, Hirsch S, Munoz B, Wallace D, Croxford J, Lynch JH, White R, Walters BB.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 Feb 1;77(2):130-138. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3474. PMID: 31693083 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.

Stellate Ganglion Block in the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Historical and Recent Literature.

Summers MR, Nevin RL.

Pain Pract. 2017 Apr;17(4):546-553. doi: 10.1111/papr.12503. Epub 2016 Oct 14. PMID: 27739175 Review.

Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Peterson K, Bourne D, Anderson J, Mackey K, Helfand M.

2017 Feb. In: VA Evidence Synthesis Program Evidence Briefs [Internet]. Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2011–.

PMID: 28742302 Free Books & Documents. Review.

Effect of Stellate Ganglion Block on Specific Symptom Clusters for Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Lynch JH, Mulvaney SW, Kim EH, de Leeuw JB, Schroeder MJ, Kane SF. Mil Med. 2016 Sep;181(9):1135-41. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-15-00518. PMID: 27612365

Stellate Ganglion Block for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized, Double- Blind, Controlled Trial.

Hanling SR, Hickey A, Lesnik I, Hackworth RJ, Stedje-Larsen E, Drastal CA, McLay RN. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Jul-Aug;41(4):494-500. doi: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000402.

PMID: 27187898 Clinical Trial.

Safety and Patient Acceptability of Stellate Ganglion Blockade as a Treatment Adjunct for Combat- Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Quality Assurance Initiative.

McLean B.

Cureus. 2015 Sep 10;7(9):e320. doi: 10.7759/cureus.320. PMID: 26487996 Free PMC article.

Clinical Guidelines for Stellate Ganglion Block to Treat Anxiety Associated With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Mulvaney SW, Lynch JH, Kotwal RS.

J Spec Oper Med. 2015 Summer;15(2):79-85. PMID: 26125169

Neurocognitive Performance is Not Degraded After Stellate Ganglion Block Treatment for Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Series.

Mulvaney SW, Lynch JH, de Leeuw J, Schroeder M, Kane S.

Mil Med. 2015 May;180(5):e601-4. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00504. PMID: 25939118

Stellate ganglion block used to treat symptoms associated with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series of 166 patients.

Mulvaney SW, Lynch JH, Hickey MJ, Rahman-Rawlins T, Schroeder M, Kane S, Lipov E. Mil Med. 2014 Oct;179(10):1133-40. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00151.

PMID: 25269132

Efficacy of stellate ganglion block in the treatment of anxiety symptoms from combat-related post- traumatic stress disorder: a case series.

Alino J, Kosatka D, McLean B, Hirsch K.

Mil Med. 2013 Apr;178(4):e473-6. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-12-00386. PMID: 23707834

Stellate ganglion block for PTSD.

Hicky A, Hanling S, Pevney E, Allen R, McLay RN.

Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Jul;169(7):760. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.11111729. PMID: 22760192 Clinical Trial. No abstract available.

Misleading conclusion from the unifying theory of the stellate ganglion block for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Alino J.

Med Hypotheses. 2011 Sep;77(3):465. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2011.06.038. Epub 2011 Jul 6. PMID: 21737206 No abstract available.

The use of stellate ganglion block in the treatment of panic/anxiety symptoms with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder; preliminary results of long-term follow-up: a case series.

Mulvaney SW, McLean B, de Leeuw J.

Pain Pract. 2010 Jul-Aug;10(4):359-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2010.00373.x. Epub 2010 Apr 20. PMID: 20412504